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Bola Tangkas Terpercaya

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Bola Tangkas Terpercaya – Ronaldo bermain untuk negaranya di Kejuaraan Dunia di Portugal saat mengenakan jersey nomor 7. Satu hal yang menonjol dalam film ini adalah relatif kurangnya sepakbola. Sebuah film dokumenter tentang pemain sepak bola, dan yang cukup bagus pada saat itu banyak tembakan dia bermain game. Bahkan selama bagian panjang dari Piala Dunia 2014, sebagian besar aksi berlangsung di luar lapangan.

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Ini adalah film tentang orang tidak mencari pesepakbola Ronaldo, tapi kami tidak benar-benar belajar banyak tentang kepribadiannya bahwa kita tidak mungkin sudah tahu. Ada beberapa nugget dan salah satu dari mereka bahwa hubungannya dengan Messi sebenarnya lebih dekat hari ini Anda menduga mereka tidak benar-benar teman-teman untuk barbekyu, tapi setidaknya menghormati pribadi telah dikembangkan untuk menangani dengan profesional.

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Dalam sebuah adegan untuk 2014 Ballon d’Or upacara Ronaldo poin dari kamera dan berkata kepada anaknya, yang adalah orang dalam gugatan itu adalah Messi, yang datang untuk chatting dengan Cristiano Junior. Di luar itu gambar adalah sendirian klasik dalam ruangan yang penuh dengan karakter, seseorang yang selalu dikelilingi oleh orang-orang, tetapi tidak benar-benar tahu banyak tentang mereka.

Ini rumusnya Jika bandar memiliki keinginan menang vs pemain memiliki keinginan menang, keinginan siapakah yang paling logis di nomor satukan. Alat terbaik dalam melakukan usaha apa saja hanyalah dengan menerapkan Bola Tangkas sistem hukum rata rata begitu juga di pertogelan ini. Artinya kita sebagai manusia yang masuk dalam kategori mahluk yang tidak sempurna maka alat terdahsyat kita didalam melakukan pencapaian target apa saja hanyalah dengan menerapkan sistem hukum rata rata.

Pada satu titik ia memiliki daftar orang-orang yang percaya dan dekat dan tidak butuh waktu lama. Yang memahami pemutaran film, jumlah orang yang bisa berhubungan dengan dia dan hidupnya terbatas. Ada juga ada pertanyaan dari mitra apapun, selain dari referensi singkat ke mantan pacarnya Irina Shayk dan sementara secara umum tidak ada alasan sebenarnya mengapa harus ada.

Silver Arrows dari Mercedes, menyelesaikan paling lap di antara semua orang selama delapan hari pra-musim pengujian. Mereka mungkin tidak menyetel waktu tercepat selama tes, tetapi juga tidak mereka mencoba ban lembut. Mereka biasanya berlari cukup berat selama tes, dan saya cukup yakin mereka tidak menggunakan pemetaan paling agresif mesin mereka baik, jadi bagi saya, mereka masih mulai sebagai favorit akhir pekan ini. http://www.nefesh.com.au

I Survived a Plane Crash, So What?

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second chance

Question of the Week:

What bugs me about believers is you evoke god only when it suits you. When a plane crashes, and I just missed the flight because I got a flat tire on the way to the airport, I am supposed to see it as a miracle. As for the three hundred people who didn’t miss the flight and were killed, well, that’s just bad luck. If god is behind everything, isn’t he behind the crash too? So why be impressed that he saved me?

Answer:

You make a good point. For a believer, whatever happens, bad or good, was supposed to happen. Everything that comes our way is somehow a part of the divine plan. Nothing is random.

And that is precisely why someone who had a close shave must be thankful to G-d.

If you weren’t on that plane because you had no plans to fly that day, there’s nothing much for you to take personally. But if you had tickets for that flight and missed it due to unexpected circumstances, you just had a brush with death, and a brush of the divine hand. There must be a message there for you.

A close call happens to tell you that on some level, you were destined to die. Your soul’s time is up in this world. But you have been given an extension on life, a new soul with a new mission. You can’t go back to living the same way you did before. Life can never be the same, because it isn’t the same life, it’s a new one.

Why some people die in tragedies and others survive, why people get sick and only some recover, why suffering visits one person and skips over another, we do not know. But the fact that life is so fragile means that we need to be grateful for every healthy day. And if you experience a near miss with the Angel of Death, that is G-d telling you that you have much more good to do in this life, and you’ve just been given more time to do it. So get on with it.

Good Shabbos,
Rabbi Moss

Is Flipping Burgers Charity?

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burgers JPG

Question of the Week:

I know we are meant to give one tenth of our income (after tax) to charity. What if I volunteer my time for a charity? Can I deduct that from my ten percent?

Answer:

There are two distinct types of charitable acts – Tzedakah and Chessed. The first really means justice, doing that which is only just and fair. The second means kindness, doing more than is fair, acting out of the goodness of your heart.

One tenth of your income is not really yours. It was entrusted to you temporarily, so you can have the privilege of helping the needy. So it is only fair that you pass it on to its rightful owner. This is tzedakah.

But beyond the obligation to give tzedakah, we must do acts of chessed. This is the kindness we do with our own time and money, like helping our friend move house, visiting someone who is unwell, or hosting a guest in our home.

Volunteering your time could be tzedakah, and it could be chessed, depending on the circumstances. The question is, would you normally have been paid for your time? A computer technician who offers to fix a charity’s computer system pro bono can deduct the amount he would have earned from his ten percent tzedakah obligation, because he would normally have been paid for the work he did. But if that same guy manned the barbecue at a charity event, that is chessed, not tzedakah. He is not usually paid to flip burgers, so it’s not deductible from his tithing obligation.

Another difference between tzedakah and chessed: For an average income earner, there is a maximum amount one should not exceed when giving tzedakah, which is one fifth of one’s income. Otherwise you may endanger your own financial stability. But when it comes to chessed, there is no limit to the kindness you can do.

Good Shabbos,
Rabbi Moss

Should I Celebrate an Accidental Birth?

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birthday

Question of the Week:

It’s my birthday this weekend but I have always felt funny about celebrating it. My birth was a bit of an accident. My parents said I was a surprise, they thought they weren’t going to have any more children. And I was born six weeks premature. Is there any meaning in celebrating the day that I wasn’t really supposed to have been born?

Answer:

Your birthday is chosen by G-d, not your parents, your astrologer or the obstetrician. Birth is G-d saying that the world can’t go on without you. It is the day that your soul’s mission had to begin.

There were already more than six billion people on earth when you were born. Did the world really need you? Can one more soul really make a difference? Obviously the answer is yes. Otherwise G-d would not have sent your soul to this earth. The fact that you were born means there must be some unique contribution that you have for the world that none of those other six billion people could possibly offer.

A birthday is an opportunity to reflect: This is the day that my soul was despatched on its mission. How is the mission going? Have I been doing my part to enhance and improve myself and my world? How much time and energy do I spend on meaningful pursuits? How much more time could I spend on what really matters in the coming year?

Far from being an accident, your birth was clearly a deliberate act. The fact that you surprised your parents, and you arrived early just shows how urgently the world needed you. Your soul couldn’t even wait a few weeks for the due date to get down here. G-d had another due date in mind.

Your soul was sent down by priority delivery. Make sure your soul always remains a priority.

Good Shabbos (and Happy Birthday),
Rabbi Moss

Your Mummy or Your Wife?

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Mum or Wife JPG.

Question of the Week:

Things have flared up between my mother and my wife. My mother insists that the family be together every Friday night dinner at her house, but my wife wants to be able to host dinners at our place too. I never missed a Shabbos dinner at home in my life, but now I am caught between my parents and my wife. And we are only married two months! Where should my loyalty be?

Answer:

It is horrible to be caught between two people you love. But there is no question where your loyalty should be. The answer is found in the wedding ceremony.

When a couple gets married, they are led to the chuppah by their parents. But once the chuppah is over, bride and groom leave their parents behind, and walk towards their new life together. This is the choreography of shifting allegiance – you come to your wedding as your parents’ single children, you leave it as a couple.

Your parents will always be your parents. They brought you into this world with love, raised you with selfless devotion, and gave you the freedom and autonomy to get married and start a family of your own. But often this last stage is the most difficult for them. They will always see you as their little darling, and as much as they want to, it is hard to let go.

But let go they must. And you can help them. Make it gentle. Make it clear to them that you are not cutting off or rejecting them, you are just adjusting to the new reality of being married. Do it in gradual steps rather than sudden changes. I am sure your mother will be more open to you doing your own thing one Shabbos per month, if you reassure her that the other weeks you will be with the family. In time you can review it.

More important than anything, husband and wife must be a unit. In every situation, you must present a united front. It is not your wife who wants to make Shabbos, it is you as a couple who want to make Shabbos. Never let your wife feel stranded and alone in your parent’s company.

Your parents led you to the chuppah, their faces beaming with pride. They are now watching you leave the chuppah, their hearts torn with mixed emotion. Be sensitive and give your parents their well deserved respect. Remember, it was their Shabbos dinners that shaped the person you are today.

Good Shabbos,
Rabbi Moss

A Stupid Question on Evolution

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religion V science

Question of the Week:

I’ll tell you why I prefer science over religion. The Bible is riddled with contradictions and inconsistencies. To accept it you have to have faith. Science on the other hand is a rational system. Why cling to old inaccurate myths like the creation story of Genesis when the theory of evolution provides a clear and logical explanation for the origins of the universe?

Answer:

Science and religion have far more in common than most give credit. Both require intense study to be understood correctly, and both can be easily misunderstood and dismissed as inaccurate when studied superficially. A cursory reading of the Torah can indeed lead one to think that it makes no sense. But the same applies to science.

I have not studied evolution theory in depth, and so my understanding of it is limited. Such shallow knowledge can easily lead to perceived contradictions. For example, as I understand it, evolution theory posits that life developed gradually from a simple single-celled organism to complex human beings over millions of years and many millions of generations. To me this is a contradiction. For evolution to occur, you need many generations. But to have generations, you need to be able to reproduce. So how did reproduction evolve? Isn’t the reproductive system quite complex? Can reproduction evolve gradually over many generations?!?

I am sure this is a stupid question. I cannot even imagine how this could be resolved, but what does a rabbi know about evolution? I can only assume it has been explained by evolutionary scientists. Though I am yet to hear how. If anyone knows the answer please share it.

Just as those who haven’t studied science should not be surprised when they don’t understand scientific theories, so too those who have not studied Torah should not dismiss it as irrational when they come up with questions. The seeming contradictions in the Torah have been known by its sages for millennia, and each one has been reconciled. With careful thought and detailed study, an appreciation for nuance and language, an understanding of context and style, every question has an answer.

Torah study does not ask a probing mind to stop questioning. On the contrary, it requires clear and critical thinking. And after three millennia of some of the world’s sharpest minds pulling apart its every word, the Torah is still intact. And the Torah sages themselves encouraged scientific study. For when both Torah and science are studied deeply, both will lead to a better knowledge of G-d, the author of both.

Good Shabbos,
Rabbi Moss

Can the Dead Hear Us?

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heaven JPG

Question of the Week:

My son recently died in an accident. I would like to know if he can see or hear us here on earth. Is he still aware of us now that he is in Heaven? Your comments would be appreciated.

Mum missing her son.

Answer:

The mystery of death is one that we cannot truly understand. Why some souls come down here for so short, only to be taken away from us, we cannot explain.

But we know that only the body dies, not the soul. And it is the soul of a person whom we love. Our connection with our loved ones is not with their physical presence, but their person, their love, their spirit. And that relationship never goes away. It just takes another form.

The Rebbe once spoke to a mother who was inconsolable after the loss of her son. He said to her: “What if I told you that your son isn’t dead? Rather he has gone away to a place where he is safe and happy. He feels no pain, he has no fear, he has no regrets. You can’t see him. But you can send him love packages, and he will receive them and enjoy them. If I told you this, would things be different?”

She thought about it and said, “Well, I guess the pain would not be quite so unbearable if I knew he was safe and I could tell him I love him.”

“Well,” the Rebbe said to her, “this is the case. Your son is in heaven where he is at peace. And he can still feel your love. The love packages you send to him are the mitzvos, the good deeds you do in his memory and in his honour. When you give a coin to charity, say a prayer, light a candle, be kind to those in need, and you have him in mind, he receives a flow of love from you every time. His soul up there is elevated when down here you do good inspired by his memory. Channel your grief into a positive force. Let the vacuum caused by the loss draw more light into the world.”

Nothing can replace the physical touch of a hug, the pleasure of seeing your child grow and learn and play. But he is still with you. And he knows that he is blessed with a loving mother who will always think of him.

We don’t know why it has to be this way. But one day, we will be reunited with the souls of our loved ones, and the pain will be no more. May that day come soon.

Good Shabbos,
Rabbi Moss

An Offer You Can’t Refuse

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Mountain JPG

Question of the Week:

I read a weird thing. The Talmud says when G-d offered the Torah to the Jewish people, He held an upside down mountain over their heads and said “Accept the Torah or else!” I find this difficult on two levels. Are we supposed to really believe that G-d picked up a mountain? Sounds more like Greek mythology than Judaism. But more than that, are we meant to respect a G-d who bullies us into subservience?

Answer:

The Talmud often throws out statements that seem bizarre. This is a brilliant teaching tool, an attention grabber. We read some way-out idea, react with puzzlement, and then look deeper to find out what it really means. The upside down mountain is a great example.

The Kabbalah teaches that the earth’s landscape, with its peaks and gorges, is a metaphor for human spirituality. A mountain is earth reaching upward. It represents the yearning of earthly life to connect to its divine source above, man’s thirst for a higher connection. This is why so many great spiritual moments occur on a mountain top, that piece of earth that yearns to touch the heavens.

If a mountain peak represents the human desire to reach heavenward, an upside down mountain must depict the opposite: G-d’s desire to reach out to us, His awesome love for His creations. It is not just we who seek G-d, G-d desperately seeks us too.

G-d wanted to let us know just how much He loves us. The image of a mountain suspended above us is symbolic code language for G-d reaching out to tell us how deeply He wants a relationship with us.

When someone is so open about their love for you, and that love is pure and sincere, it is impossible not to respond with love. We were so overwhelmed by this divine embrace that we were forced to love G-d back.

So the Torah was given to us in a shower of love. Our souls were all present at that awesome event. Each one of us felt the warm embrace of G-d’s affection. And at that moment we couldn’t help but reciprocate that love, and dedicate ourselves to living up to our divine calling.

This is what we celebrate on Shavuos. That we matter so much to G-d that He made us an offer we couldn’t refuse.

Good Shabbos,
Rabbi Moss

What’s So Kabbalistic About Bonfires?

bonfire jpg

Question of the Week:

What’s the idea of having big bonfires on Lag Baomer? I know it is the day of the passing of Rabbi Shimon Bar Yochai, the “father of Kabbalah.” But even Moses doesn’t get bonfires on the day of his passing…

Answer:

Rabbi Shimon Bar Yochai spent the last moments of his life doing what he always did: teaching. The mystical ideas that he shared with his devoted students that day were the deepest and most revolutionary teachings he had ever revealed.

But as this parting message was being conveyed, there was a tension in heaven. Rabbi Shimon’s death was ordained to be that day before sundown. As the afternoon stretched on and evening approached, he had not yet finished sharing his final wisdom. The day would soon be over, but the lesson was not. Rabbi Shimon refused to return his soul until he had revealed all the secrets that it held. His life could only come to end when his mission did. But time had run out.

And so the day didn’t end. The setting sun slowed down, and daylight was extended to allow Rabbi Shimon to say all he needed to say. Only after he had completed his lesson did his holy soul depart and the sun finally set.

On the anniversary of that day each year, in honour of Rabbi Shimon and the light he brought to the world, we brighten the night with bonfires. There is a powerful symbolism in this. Rabbi Shimon’s teachings are there to bring light when it would otherwise be dark.

You can be a good person without studying Kabbalah. But only the wisdom of Rabbi Shimon in the Zohar, and the great works of the mystics and Chassidic masters that came after him, have the power to turn the moral darkness of the world around us, and the darker recesses of our own inner world, into a fiery light.

Good Shabbos,
Rabbi Moss

Should Torah be Rated PG?

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Rated PG

Question of the Week:

I have a 3 year old who is quite bright. I try to read to her and teach her as much as I can about stories from the Torah, but recently it’s become increasingly difficult. It seems like every story in the Torah needs to be edited for children. I find myself confused all the time with what I am supposed to teach her. Adam and Eve sinning and being thrown out of the Garden of Eden, G-d destroying the world with a flood, the Ten Plagues visited on the Egyptians. Should the Torah be rated PG?

Answer:

It’s funny, all these stories you mention, kids have absolutely no problem with them. It’s we adults who have the issues. We have become morally queasy. But our kids need moral clarity.

Adam and Eve did what they were told not to, and they were punished. The generation of the flood was corrupt and was destroyed. The Egyptians who threw Jewish babies into the Nile were punished, after ignoring one warning after another, with the horrible plagues. The message is unmistakable: evil catches up with you. You can get away with it for a while, but not forever. A three year old gets that.

Now of course the world is not all black and white, people are not all good or all evil, and not every choice is between absolute right and wrong. Life is full of grey areas, nuances and subtleties, and in most moral dilemmas the lines are not so clear-cut. But subtlety is for adults. A child needs the security of seeing things in black and white. Rules have to be plainly expressed, borders have to be sharply defined. Good is good and will be rewarded. Bad is bad and will be punished. Children struggle when things are vague and wishy-washy. They thrive on clarity.

We as parents need to be unequivocal about what is right and wrong, and the consequences of choosing the right way or the wrong way. This is the most important lesson you can teach your child. And that is the theme of the entire Torah. In a world of moral equivalence, this message needs to be communicated loud and clear.

Your child has an inner moral compass, but you need to help her cultivate it. Develop her sense of good and evil, and she will grow to be a morally healthy adult, PG (please G-d).

Good Shabbos,
Rabbi Moss